What is castration and when should it be done?
Castration is the surgical removal of the testicles and is carried out in a minor operation under general anaesthetic. Usually a dog is admitted to the clinic in the morning and collected later the same day. He may have several stitches, which will be removed after approximately 10 days.
Commonly this operation is referred to as “neutering”. It can be carried out from 6 months onwards.
What are the main reasons for neutering dogs?
1) Owner responsibility and population control: Thousands of unwanted dogs and puppies are destroyed each year, many from litters born as a result of accidental matings.
2) Medical/Health Reasons: Veterinary surgeons may recommend castration for several medical conditions including testicular tumours, enlargement of the prostate, certain types of anal tumours and cryptorchidism (retained testicles). If the testes have not descended into the scrotum by 10 months of age they are unlikely to do so, and are more prone to tumours in later years.
3) Behavioural Problems: As puppies reach puberty at 6-7 months of age, the owner may notice a change in the dog’s behaviour. The first sign is often a lack of obedience, leading to aggression with other dogs and even fights. Other signs include possessiveness over toys or food, territorial behaviour, roaming and aggression towards other pets or people in the household.
This unsociable behaviour can be prevented or subdued by castration from 6 months of age.
Will castration work?
Research shows that following castration, changes in behaviour may take varying times. Of the dogs that are likely to respond, some will do so within 2 weeks, the remainder will respond within 6 months.
Will castration cause my dog to put on weight?
No, as long as you are vigilant. Neutering will reduce metabolic rate (energy usage at rest) by a variable amount and you will need to reduce feeding by this amount to prevent weight gain. We advise free monthly weight checks until we are all happy that the post-op weight management is under control. Unless you want to use a male dog for breeding purposes, there are few advantages and many disadvantages to keeping an entire male.
A castrated dog has fewer medical problems, lives longer on average, does not add to the pet overpopulation and makes a more loyal, loving and rewarding pet.
Spaying and your dog
What is spaying and when should it be done?
Spaying is the surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus, commonly referred to as “neutering”. Performed as a routine operation under general anaesthesia, the patient is usually admitted in the morning and is collected later the same day.
In most breeds, we recommend spaying dogs at 6 months, before their first season. If your dog has already had a season we recommend spaying them 2-3 months after their latest season, but please ask one of the team for further details.
Why are female dogs spayed?
The primary reason for spaying is to prevent unwanted puppies. Other benefits include:
- Spayed bitches (especially if spayed before their first season) are over 100 times less likely to develop mammary tumours.
- Exercise – a spayed bitch can be exercised off the lead in safety, whereas an un-neutered dog in season will attract male dogs in the area. This can result in mis-mating and fights, so the bitch must be kept on a lead at all times.
- Un-neutered bitches come into season once or twice a year and produce a bloody discharge that can stain the pet’s coat or your carpets and furniture!
- Spayed bitches are healthier and will have fewer problems such as pyometra (a life-threatening infection of the womb), false pregnancies, mammary tumours etc.
However, there are some disadvantages including:
- Weight – spayed bitches have a reduced metabolic rate (energy usage at rest) so they need less food. If their diet is altered after surgery there will be no weight increase. We advise monthly weight checks until we are all happy that the post-op weight management is under control and dietary advice can be given if necessary.
- Spay incontinence – a small percentage of bitches spayed may “leak” a little urine following surgery. A simple treatment is available for this problem and it is a very small percentage of the total number spayed. This is thought to be related to weight gain, if it is allowed to occur, rather than neutering as such.
- Coat – occasionally the coat may become drier and less attractive. This is purely cosmetic and has no impact on your pet’s health.
Unless you want to use a female dog for breeding purposes, the advantages of having your dog spayed far outweigh the disadvantages.
A spayed dog has fewer medical problems, lives longer on average, does not add to the pet overpopulation and makes a more loyal, loving and rewarding pet.
For further information call us and speak to one of the team.